Tag: structure

  • 아/어/여 (present tense)

    V + 아/어/여 When we want to speak in present tense, we conjugate korean verbs by removing the verb stem ‘다’ and replacing it with either 아,어 or 여. 1. When the verb’s last vowel ends in ㅏ or ㅗ, we replace the stem with ‘아’. 2. When the verb’s last vowel does not end…

  • 았/었/였 (past tense)

    V + 았/었/였다 When we want to speak in past tense, we conjugate korean verbs by removing the verb stem ‘다’ and replacing it with either 았다,었다 or 였다. 1. When the verb’s last vowel ends in ㅏ or ㅗ, we replace the stem with ‘았어’. 2. When the verb’s last vowel does not end…

  • 이/가 (subject particle)

    N + 이/가 Appending 이/가 to a noun denotes the subject of the sentence. When the noun ends in a consonant, the ending 이 is used. When the noun ends in a vowel, 가 is used. The subject particle is used to indicate the subject of the sentence. This is a more general usage than…

  • 을/를 (object particle)

    N + 을/를 Appending 을/를 to a noun denotes the object of the sentence. When the noun ends in a consonant, the ending 을 is used. When the noun ends in a vowel, 를 is used. The object particle is usually used to indicate specifically which noun in the sentence is being acted on by…

  • 와/과,하고,(이)랑,및 (and/with)

    When we want to say Noun A and/with Noun B, we use 와/과, 하고 or (이)랑 between the two nouns. N + 와/과 1. 와/과 is formal, and usually used in writing. If the noun ends in a consonant, we append 과 to the end of the first noun. If the noun ends in a vowel, we…

  • Irregular Verbs (ㅂ,르,ㄷ,ㅅ)

    Now it’s time to learn about irregular verbs. Irregular verbs don’t follow the regular present tense conjugations. There are four different verb endings you should be aware of: ㅂ,르,ㄷ,ㅅ. 1. If a verb ends in ‘ㅂ’, first if the vowel before the ㅂ is 오, then we remove the ㅂ, and add 오, else if…