Tag: grammar

  • 이다, 아니다, 있다, 없다 (to be/not to be, to have/not have)

    First, We are going to learn about two very important verbs to know: to be, and to have. The verb 이다 means to be. The verb 아니다 means not to be. The verb 있다 means to have or to be there. The verb 없다 means to not have or to not be there. This is…

  • 은/는 (topic particle)

    N + 은/는 Appending 은/는 to a noun denotes the topic of the sentence. When the noun ends in a consonant, the ending 은 is used. When the noun ends in a vowel, 는 is used. The topic particle is used to specify what you are talking about, or in contrast to other things. This…

  • 아/어/여 (present tense)

    V + 아/어/여 When we want to speak in present tense, we conjugate korean verbs by removing the verb stem ‘다’ and replacing it with either 아,어 or 여. 1. When the verb’s last vowel ends in ㅏ or ㅗ, we replace the stem with ‘아’. 2. When the verb’s last vowel does not end…

  • 았/었/였 (past tense)

    V + 았/었/였다 When we want to speak in past tense, we conjugate korean verbs by removing the verb stem ‘다’ and replacing it with either 았다,었다 or 였다. 1. When the verb’s last vowel ends in ㅏ or ㅗ, we replace the stem with ‘았어’. 2. When the verb’s last vowel does not end…

  • 고 싶다 (to want)

    AV + 고 싶다 Appending -고 싶다 to a verb means to want to do [verb]. Remove the ‘다’ ending of the verb, and replace it with 고 싶어요, which is the usual polite form. Examples 뭐 먹고 싶어요? = What do you want to eat? 한국에 가고싶어요 = I want to go to Korea.

  • 에,에서 (location, time)

    location/time + 에/에서 에 is a particle used to mark location, time or other static situations. 에서 is used to mark locations where some action is happening. 에 roughly corresponds to ‘at,to,in,of,by’, and it usually attached to the location or situation it is marking. 에서 is used the same way, except an action or event…