Categories
Korean Vocabulary

Basic Korean Expressions

First, let’s start off by learning some of the basic Korean expressions.

BASIC EXPRESSIONS
WORD TRANSLATION
안녕하세요 HI, HELLO
감사합니다 THANK YOU, THANKS
고맙습니다 THANK YOU, THANKS
YES, YEAH
아니요 NO
맞아요 YES, CORRECT
안녕히 계세요 GOODBYE (TO PERSON WHO IS STAYING)
안녕히 가세요 GOODBYE (TO PEOPLE WHO ARE LEAVING)
죄송합니다 SORRY
미안합니다 SORRY
저기요 EXCUSE ME
잠시만요 JUST A MOMENT, WAIT ONE SECOND
잠깐만요 JUST A MOMENT, WAIT ONE SECOND
만나서 반갑습니다 NICE TO MEET YOU
잘 먹겠습니다 LET’S ENJOY OUR MEAL
잘 먹었습니다 I ATE WELL
괜찮아요 IT’S OK,IT’S ALRIGHT,DON’T WORRY ABOUT IT
걱정마세요 DON’T WORRY
그렇군요 I SEE
그래요 SURE
Categories
Korean Vocabulary

Who,what,when,where,why,how

Let’s learn the basic interrogative words: who,what,when,where,why,how,how much,and which

1. Who (누구), what (뭐,무엇), when (언제), where (어디), why (왜), and how (어떻게) are usually used before verbs.

2. Which (어떤,무슨) is usually used before nouns.

3. How much (얼마나) is usually used before adverbs or adjectives.

4. To add the meaning of ‘somebody, sometime, somewhere, something’, just append ㄴ가 to the end of 누구, 언제, 어디, 무엇, respectively.

5. To add the meaning of ‘anybody, anytime, anywhere, anything’, just append 나 to the end of 누구, 언제, 어디, 무엇, respectively.

6. To add the meaning of ‘whoever, whenever, whereever, whatever’, just append 든지 to the end of 누구, 언제, 어디, 무엇, respectively.

Examples

누구세요 ? = Who is this?

어디 갔어요 ? = Where did you go?

해요 ? = What are you doing?

언제 왔어요 ? = When did you come?

왔어요 ? = Why did you come?

얼마나 커요 ? = How big is it?

어떻게 했어요 ? = How did you do it?

어떤 식당요 ? = Which restaurant?

INTERROGATIVE WORDS
WORD TRANSLATION
어디 WHERE
뭐,무엇 WHAT
언제 WHEN
누구 WHO
WHY
어떻게 HOW
무슨,어느,어떤 WHICH
얼마나 HOW MUCH
누군가 SOMEONE
어젠가 SOMEDAY,SOMETIME
어딘가 SOMEWHERE
뭔가,무엇인가 SOMETHING
누구나 ANYONE, EVERYONE
어제나 ANYTIME
어디나 ANYWHERE, EVERYWHERE
무엇이나 ANYTHING
누구든지 WHOEVER
무엇이든지 WHATEVER
어디든지 WHEREEVER
언제든지 WHENEVER
얼마든지 ANY AMOUNT
어떻게든지 NO MATTER HOW
Categories
Korean Vocabulary

Time, months, days, year, etc

Now lets learn some words based on time.

1. Usually nouns revolving around time will have the time particle appended (에) when you reference them in a sentence.

2. To make a sentence with time, the number of the hour uses native Korean numbers, and the minute number uses Sino-Korean numbers. Thus, to say 3:29pm, it would be 오후 (afternoon) + 세시(3 hours) + 이십구분(29 minutes).

Examples

오후 한시반쯤 = Around 1:30PM

오전 열시부터 = From 10:00AM

요즘에 뭐해요? = What have you been up to these days?

나중에 봐요. = See you later.

VOCABULARY BASED AROUND TIME
WORD TRANSLATION
시간 TIME,HOUR
HALF
ABOUT / AROUND
MINUTE
지금,이제 NOW
요즘, 최근 RECENTLY, THESE DAYS
그동안 MEANWHILE
어제 YESTERDAY
오늘 TODAY
내일 TOMORROW
모례 DAY AFTER TOMORROW
DAY
WEEK
월,달 MONTH
YEAR
작년, 지난해 LAST YEAR
올해 THIS YEAR
내년 NEXT YEAR
나중에,이따 LATER
아까,방금 A WHILE AGO
방금 JUST A MOMENT AGO
곧,금방 SOON
잠시,잠깐 A WHILE,A MOMENT
아침 MORNING
오전 BEFORE NOON
오후 AFTERNOON
밤,저녁 EVENING,NIGHT
자정 MIDNIGHT,DUSK
새벽 DAWN,EARLY MORNING
평일 WEEKDAY
주말 WEEKEND
월요일 MONDAY
화요일 TUESDAY
수요일 WEDNESDAY
목요일 THURSDAY
금요일 FRIDAY
토요일 SATURDAY
일요일 SUNDAY
일월 JANUARY
이월 FEBRUARY
삼월 MARCH
사월 APRIL
오월 MAY
유월 JUNE
칠월 JULY
팔월 AUGUST
구월 SEPTEMBER
시월 OCTOBER
십일월 NOVEMBER
십이월 DECEMBER