Categories
Korean Vocabulary

Who,what,when,where,why,how

Let’s learn the basic interrogative words: who,what,when,where,why,how,how much,and which

1. Who (누구), what (뭐,무엇), when (언제), where (어디), why (왜), and how (어떻게) are usually used before verbs.

2. Which (어떤,무슨) is usually used before nouns.

3. How much (얼마나) is usually used before adverbs or adjectives.

4. To add the meaning of ‘somebody, sometime, somewhere, something’, just append ㄴ가 to the end of 누구, 언제, 어디, 무엇, respectively.

5. To add the meaning of ‘anybody, anytime, anywhere, anything’, just append 나 to the end of 누구, 언제, 어디, 무엇, respectively.

6. To add the meaning of ‘whoever, whenever, whereever, whatever’, just append 든지 to the end of 누구, 언제, 어디, 무엇, respectively.

Examples

누구세요 ? = Who is this?

어디 갔어요 ? = Where did you go?

해요 ? = What are you doing?

언제 왔어요 ? = When did you come?

왔어요 ? = Why did you come?

얼마나 커요 ? = How big is it?

어떻게 했어요 ? = How did you do it?

어떤 식당요 ? = Which restaurant?

INTERROGATIVE WORDS
WORD TRANSLATION
어디 WHERE
뭐,무엇 WHAT
언제 WHEN
누구 WHO
WHY
어떻게 HOW
무슨,어느,어떤 WHICH
얼마나 HOW MUCH
누군가 SOMEONE
어젠가 SOMEDAY,SOMETIME
어딘가 SOMEWHERE
뭔가,무엇인가 SOMETHING
누구나 ANYONE, EVERYONE
어제나 ANYTIME
어디나 ANYWHERE, EVERYWHERE
무엇이나 ANYTHING
누구든지 WHOEVER
무엇이든지 WHATEVER
어디든지 WHEREEVER
언제든지 WHENEVER
얼마든지 ANY AMOUNT
어떻게든지 NO MATTER HOW
Categories
Grammar Lesson 2 Korean

(으)면 (if,when)

V + (으)면

When we want to say a conditional sentence in Korean, a sentence that carries the meaning ‘if’, then we have to conjugate the Korean verb that we are using ‘if’ with, by replacing the ‘다’ stem with (으)면.

1. If the verb ends in a consonant, then we replace the verb stem with 으면.

2. If the verb ends in a vowel, then we replace the verb stem with 면.

3. To emphasize the ‘if’ meaning, we can add the word ‘만약에’ at the beginning of the sentence.

4. Like in English, we should say something after, because we said ‘if’ so we also need to explain what happens.

Examples

내일 비가 오 안 갈거예요! = If it rains tomorrow, I won’t go!

만약 너가 있으면 참가할거예요. = If you are there, I will participate.