Basic Korean Vocabulary

Ok, now let’s learn some basic vocabulary.

Here a list of some basic Korean vocabulary that you might find helpful.

BASIC VOCABULARY
WORD TRANSLATION
THIS
THAT (CLOSE)
THAT (FAR)
I,ME
I,ME (FORMAL)
나의,내 MY,MINE
저의,제 MY,MINE (FORMAL)
너, 자네 YOU
당신 YOU (FORMAL)
너의,네,니 YOUR
우리 WE,US
저희 WE,US (FORMAL)
너희 YOU,YOUR
HE,HIM
그녀,걔 SHE,HER
그들,걔들,걔네 THEY
이렇게 LIKE THIS
그렇게 LIKE THAT
ALL
MORE
아직 STILL
같이,함께 TOGETHER
역시 ALSO,YET
이미,벌써 ALREADY
거의 ALMOST
아마,어쩌면,혹시 MAYBE,PERHAPS
바로,곧바로,즉시,즉각,하루빨리 IMMEDIATELY, AT ONCE
꼭,딱 CERTAINLY, EXACTLY
어쩐지, 그런대로 SOMEHOW
여기 HERE
거기 THERE (CLOSE)
저기 THERE (FAR)
어디 WHERE
뭐,무엇 WHAT
언제 WHEN
누구 WHO
WHY
어떻게 HOW
무슨,어느,어떤 WHICH
얼마나 HOW MUCH
누군가 SOMEONE
어젠가 SOMEDAY,SOMETIME
어딘가 SOMEWHERE
뭔가 SOMETHING
제발,부디 PLEASE
가지,종류 TYPE OF, KIND OF
여러 MANY, VARIOUS
기타,따위,등등 ETC
과연 INDEED,SURE ENOUGH
어차피,어쨌든,아무튼 ANYWAYS
드디어,마침내,이제야,결국에,이윽고 INDEED,SURE ENOUGH

Basic Korean Nouns

Ok, it’s time to learn some basic Korean nouns.

These are nouns that you will commonly use in Korean. Sometimes multiple nouns have the same meaning in English, or vice versa.

BASIC WORDS
WORD TRANSLATION
것,거 THING
사람 PERSON
친구 FRIEND
PERSON (FORMAL)
시간 TIME
YEAR
남자 MAN,BOY
여자 WOMAN,GIRL
날,하루,일 DAY
세계 WORLD
생활,삶,생명 LIFE
아이,어린이 KID,CHILD
HAND
부분 PART,PORTION
EYES
장소,곳 PLACE
작업,직업 WORK,JOB,OCCUPATION
WEEK
MONTH
HOUSE,HOME
회사 COMPANY
NUMBER
무리,반 GROUP
질문 QUESTION
문제 PROBLEM

Basic Korean Verbs

Ok, it’s time to learn some basic Korean verbs.

These are 50 verbs that you will commonly use in Korean. Sometimes multiple verbs have the same meaning in English, or vice versa.

You’ve already learned two verbs. 이다, which means ‘to be’, and 있다, which means ‘to have’, or ‘to exist’. All Korean verbs end with the stem ‘다’ and often Korean grammar requires us to remove this stem and replace it with something else to get another meaning out of it. This is referred to as verb conjugation. Also, unlike English, there are certain Korean verbs that must be used in formal settings instead of their regular forms, and these are denoted with (FORMAL) below.

BASIC VERBS
WORD TRANSLATION
이다 TO BE
있다 TO HAVE,TO EXIST
계시다 TO HAVE,TO EXIST (FORMAL)
하다 TO DO
되다 TO BECOME
좋아하다 TO LIKE
싫어하다 TO HATE
말하다 TO SPEAK,TO SAY
말씀하다 TO SPEAK,TO SAY (FORMAL)
살다 TO LIVE
죽다 TO DIE
자다 TO SLEEP
주무시다 TO SLEEP (FORMAL)
받다 TO RECEIVE,TO GET
만들다 TO MAKE
가다 TO GO
먹다 TO EAT
드시다 TO EAT (FORMAL)
마시다 TO DRINK
주다 TO GIVE,TO REQUEST
드리다 TO GIVE,TO REQUEST (FORMAL)
없다 TO NOT HAVE,TO NOT EXIST
알다 TO KNOW
모르다 TO NOT KNOW
보다 TO SEE,TO WATCH,TO LOOK,TO TRY
뵙다 TO SEE,TO WATCH,TO LOOK,TO TRY (FORMAL)
오다 TO COME
사다 TO BUY
생각하다 TO THINK
보이다 TO SHOW,TO DISPLAY
원하다 TO WANT
떠나다 TO LEAVE
필요하다 TO NEED
찾다 TO FIND
묻다 TO ASK
일하다 TO WORK
이해하다 TO UNDERSTAND
쓰다 TO WRITE
읽다 TO READ
듣다 TO LISTEN
전화하다 TO MAKE A PHONE CALL
부르다 TO CALL,TO SING
연락하다 TO CONTACT
취하다 TO TAKE
믿다 TO BELIEVE
놓다 TO PUT, TO PLACE
바꾸다 TO CHANGE
달리다 TO RUN
놀다 TO PLAY
전하다 TO TELL