Categories
Korean Vocabulary

Basic Korean Verbs

Ok, it’s time to learn some basic Korean verbs.

These are 50 verbs that you will commonly use in Korean. Sometimes multiple verbs have the same meaning in English, or vice versa.

You’ve already learned two verbs. 이다, which means ‘to be’, and 있다, which means ‘to have’, or ‘to exist’. All Korean verbs end with the stem ‘다’ and often Korean grammar requires us to remove this stem and replace it with something else to get another meaning out of it. This is referred to as verb conjugation. Also, unlike English, there are certain Korean verbs that must be used in formal settings instead of their regular forms, and these are denoted with (FORMAL) below.

BASIC VERBS
WORD TRANSLATION
이다 TO BE
있다 TO HAVE,TO EXIST
계시다 TO HAVE,TO EXIST (FORMAL)
하다 TO DO
되다 TO BECOME
좋아하다 TO LIKE
싫어하다 TO HATE
말하다 TO SPEAK,TO SAY
말씀하다 TO SPEAK,TO SAY (FORMAL)
살다 TO LIVE
죽다 TO DIE
자다 TO SLEEP
주무시다 TO SLEEP (FORMAL)
받다 TO RECEIVE,TO GET
만들다 TO MAKE
가다 TO GO
먹다 TO EAT
드시다 TO EAT (FORMAL)
마시다 TO DRINK
주다 TO GIVE,TO REQUEST
드리다 TO GIVE,TO REQUEST (FORMAL)
없다 TO NOT HAVE,TO NOT EXIST
알다 TO KNOW
모르다 TO NOT KNOW
보다 TO SEE,TO WATCH,TO LOOK,TO TRY
뵙다 TO SEE,TO WATCH,TO LOOK,TO TRY (FORMAL)
오다 TO COME
사다 TO BUY
생각하다 TO THINK
보이다 TO SHOW,TO DISPLAY
원하다 TO WANT
떠나다 TO LEAVE
필요하다 TO NEED
찾다 TO FIND
묻다 TO ASK
일하다 TO WORK
이해하다 TO UNDERSTAND
쓰다 TO WRITE
읽다 TO READ
듣다 TO LISTEN
전화하다 TO MAKE A PHONE CALL
부르다 TO CALL,TO SING
연락하다 TO CONTACT
취하다 TO TAKE
믿다 TO BELIEVE
놓다 TO PUT, TO PLACE
바꾸다 TO CHANGE
달리다 TO RUN
놀다 TO PLAY
전하다 TO TELL
Categories
Grammar Lesson 2 Korean

Irregular Verbs (ㅂ,르,ㄷ,ㅅ)

Now it’s time to learn about irregular verbs.

Irregular verbs don’t follow the regular present tense conjugations. There are four different verb endings you should be aware of: ㅂ,르,ㄷ,ㅅ.

1. If a verb ends in ‘ㅂ’, first if the vowel before the ㅂ is 오, then we remove the ㅂ, and add 오, else if the vowel before the ㅂ is not 오, then we remove the ㅂ and add 우. Then we conjugate it normally according to the regular rules.

어렵다 = 어려 + 우 + 어요 = 어려워요.

돕다 = 도 + 오 + 아요 = 도와요.

2. If a verb ends in ‘르’, first we remove the 르, and add ㄹ to the last vowel before it, then we add an extra ㄹ and then we conjugate it normally according to the regular rules.

다르다 = 달 + ㄹ + 아요 = 달라요.

모르다 = 몰 + ㄹ + 아요 = 몰라요.

3. If a verb ends in ‘ㄷ’, and it is followed by a vowel, first we change the ㄷ to a ㄹ and then we conjugate it normally according to the regular rules.
Only some ㄷ verbs follow this rule. Others conjugate normally.

걷다 = 걸 + 어요 = 걸어요.

듣다 = 들 + 어요 = 들어요.

4. If a verb ends in ‘ㅅ’, and it is followed by a vowel, we remove the ㅅ and then we conjugate it normally according to the regular rules.
Only some ㅅ verbs follow this rule. Others conjugate normally.

잇다 = 이 + 어요 = 이어요.

짓다 = 지 + 어요 = 지어요.

Categories
Korean Vocabulary

Basic Korean Adjectives

Ok, now let’s learn some basic adjectives (descriptive verbs).

Here a list of some basic Korean adjectives that you might find helpful.

COMMON ADJECTIVES
WORD TRANSLATION
크다 TO BE BIG
작다 TO BE SMALL
넓다 TO BE WIDE
좁다 TO BE NARROW
높다 TO BE HIGH
길다 TO BE LONG
짧다 TO BE SHORT
무겁다 TO BE HEAVY
가볍다 TO BE LIGHT
똥똥하다 TO BE FAT
깡마르다 TO BE SKINNY
좋다 TO BE GOOD
나쁘다 TO BE BAD
무섭다 TO BE SCARY
재밌다 TO BE FUNNY/INTERESTING
이상하다 TO BE WEIRD/STRANGE
이쁘다, 예쁘다, 아름답다 TO BE PRETTY/BEAUTIFUL
못생기다, 밉다 TO BE UGLY
많다 TO BE MANY
적다 TO BE FEW
두껍다 TO BE THICK
얇다 TO BE THIN
시끄롭다 TO BE LOUD/NOISY
조용하다 TO BE QUIET
안전하다 TO BE SAFE
위험하다 TO BE DANGEROUS
복잡하다 TO BE COMPLEX
간단하다 TO BE SIMPLE
수줍다 TO BE SHY
피곤하다, 고단하다, 노곤하다 TO BE TIRED
다르다 TO BE DIFFERENT
같다 TO BE THE SAME
비슷하다 TO BE SIMILAR
중요하다 TO BE IMPORTANT
즐겁다 TO BE ENJOYABLE, TO BE PLEASANT
덥다 TO BE HOT (WEATHER)
춥다 TO BE COLD (WEATHER)
싸다 TO BE CHEAP
비싸다 TO BE EXPENSIVE
기쁘다, 행복하다, 유쾌하다 TO BE HAPPY
슬프다 TO BE SAD
쉽다 TO BE EASY
어렵다 TO BE DIFFICULT
착하다 TO BE NICE
똑똑하다, 영민하다, 영리하다, 명석하다 TO BE INTELLIGENT/SMART
귀엽다 TO BE CUTE
젊다, 어리다 TO BE YOUNG
늙다 TO BE OLD
튼튼하다, 강하다, 튼실하다 TO BE STRONG
약하다 TO BE WEAK