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Grammar Lesson 2 Korean

고,도,만,며 (and,also,too,only)

Let’s learn about three very commonly used particles: 고, 도 and 만.

V + 고

When we are talking about the same subject and want to connect two sentences together, we can just append -고 instead of using 그리고.
It’s very simple to use this construct, just change the ending ‘다’ of the verb in the first sentence to 고 and add the second sentence.

친구랑 만났 영화를 봤어요. = I met a friend and watched a movie.

한국에 가 일본에 갈거예요. = I’m going to Korea and Japan.

V + 며

-며 is very similar to using -고 between verbs except it is more formal and usually used in writing.

커피 마셨 버거를 먹었어요. = I drank some coffee and ate a burger.

N + 도

When we want to add the meaning of ‘also’ or ‘too’ to a noun, we use the particle ‘도’.
We append 도 to the end of a noun, and this also adds the meaning of the noun being the topic/subject of the sentence as well.
So when we use 도, we don’t use 는/은 or 이/가 with it.

집에서 요리해요 = I cook at home too.

저는 집에서 요리해요 = I also cook at home.

N + 만

When we want to add the meaning of ‘only’ to a noun, we use the particle ‘만’.
We append 만 to the end of a noun, and this also adds the meaning of the noun being the topic/subject of the sentence as well.
So when we use 만, we don’t use 는/은 or 이/가 with it.

Examples

맥주 주문했어요 = I only ordered beer.

집에서 요리해요 = I only cook at home.

Categories
Korean Vocabulary

Emphasis words (너무,진짜,정말,조금)

Here are some words that deal with how much we do something.

In general, you use them before a verb to express how much you do that [verb].

Examples:

한국어를 얼마나동안 배웠어요? – How long have you been learning Korean?

진짜 맛있어요! – This is really delicious!

너무 너무 좋아요! – So good!

한국어 조금 할 수 있어요. – I know a little bit of Korean.

이게 별로 안 먹어요 – I don’t eat this often.

EMPHASIS WORDS
WORD TRANSLATION
매우,아주 VERY
정말 REALLY,TRULY
진짜 REALLY
너무 TOO (MUCH)
참,엄청 REALLY,TERRIBLY,AWFULLY
대단히 GREATLY,EXTREMELY,HIGHLY
무지,무척,되게,꽤,상당히 VERY,QUITE,EXTREMELY,AWFULLY,RATHER
지극히,극히 EXTREMELY
특히 ESPECIALLY
굉장히 GREATLY,EXTREMELY,IMMENSELY
좀,조금 FEW,A LITTLE BIT
약간 SOMEWHAT,A LITTLE
훨씬 MUCH,A LOT
가장,제일 THE MOST