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Grammar Lesson 3 Korean

(ㄹ/을)까요? (wonder, suggestion)

AV + (ㄹ/을)까요?

When we are curious about something, or making a suggestion, the ending (ㄹ/을)까요? is used.
This ending can only be used for interrogatives (questions).
To make this ending, we conjugate the verb with ㄹ if the ending is a vowel and 을 if the ending is a consonant and add 까요? to the end.
With verbs ending in ㄹ already, we don’t need to add ㄹ/을.

1. This ending is used when we ask ourselves a question or other people a question expressing curiosity or wondering about something.

2. This ending is used when we want to suggest doing something to someone.

3. The 반말 ending is (ㄹ/을)까?

Examples

내일 비가 올까요? – Will it rain tomorrow?

나랑 영화 볼까요? – Want to watch a movie with me?

할까요? – Should I do it?

Categories
Grammar Lesson 3 Korean

(ㄹ/을)래요 (intention to do, suggestion)

AV + (ㄹ/을)래요

This ending is another future form ending similar to (ㄹ/을)거예요 and (ㄹ/을)게요 except in this case, we intend to do something.
If we use this ending as a question, then it acts as a suggestion similar to (ㄹ/을)까요?
To make this ending, we conjugate the verb with ㄹ if the ending is a vowel and 을 if the ending is a consonant and add 래요 to the end.
With verbs ending in ㄹ already, we don’t need to add ㄹ/을.

1. This ending is used when we have a will or intention to do something.

2. When used as a question, this ending is used when we want to suggest something to other people. This ending is often paired with the honorific particle (으)시 to make 실래요? when speaking in semi-formal contexts.

3. The 반말 ending is (ㄹ/을)래.

4. In general, this is a more casual ending form, even when using the honorific particle question form.

Examples

혼자 할래요. – I want to do it alone.

영화 볼래요? – Do you want to watch a movie?

Categories
Grammar Lesson 3 Korean

(으)시죠,(ㄹ/을)래요,(ㅂ/읍)시다,자 (Let’s do something)

In Korean, there are many ways to say ‘let’s do [verb]’ to someone.

AV + 아/어/여요!

1. The simplest way is to just conjugate the verb normally, and add some emphasis on it.

우리 햄버거 먹어요! – Let’s eat a hamburger!

AV + (으)시죠!

2. Another way is to use the ending (으)시죠. This is an honorific ending that is slightly more polite than the normal ‘요’ ending since it contains the honorific particle (으)시.

저희 햄버거 드시죠! – Let’s eat a hamburger! (noticed how I used the formal verb 드시다 here instead of 먹다 and the formal term 저희 over 우리).

AV + (ㄹ/을)래요!

3. Another way is use the suggestion ending (ㄹ/을)래요 or (ㄹ/을)실래요 if we add the honorific particle in.

우리 햄버거 드실래요! – Let’s eat a hamburger!

AV + (ㅂ/읍)시다!

4. Another way is to use the ending (ㅂ/읍)시다. This is an honorific ending that looks similar to the honorific conjugation. We can use this when we have a group of people and we want to say to everyone.

저희 햄버거 먹읍시다! – Let’s eat a hamburger!

AV + 자!

5. The most casual ending is 자. We can say this to our close friends or younger people.

우리 햄버거 먹! – Let’s eat a hamburger!