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Grammar Lesson 3 Korean

(으)며,(으)면서 (while, at the same time)

In Korean, we can use (으)면서 to express that two actions are happening at the same time or linking two actions at once.
We conjugate the verb with 으 if the ending is a consonant and add 면서 to the end. We have to connect another action to them.

AV + (으)면서

1. We can use this as the Korean equivalent of ‘while’.

저는 샤워 하면서 음악을 들어요. – I listen to music while showering.

2. We can use this to show contrast between two actions.

준비는 하면서도 걱정이 됐어요. – I was worried even while I was preparing.

N + (이)면서
N + (ㄹ/을)거면서

3. We can use this with nouns by using (이)면서 appended to the noun. We can similarly use this in future tense by using (ㄹ/을)거면서. 동시에 is often used in these sentences, as it means ‘simultaneously’.

그 사람은 제 친구이면서 동시에 선생님이에요. – She is both my friend and teacher.

AV + (으)며

4. The literary form of (으)면서 can be shortened to (으)며, and in this form, it can also function as ‘and’/’or’ meanings as well.

비가 오 하다. – It rains on and off.