Categories
Korean Vocabulary

Conjunctions (so, and, but, or, because, well, anyways)

Ok, now let’s learn some Korean conjunctions.

Conjunctions are used to connect sentences together. Here are the most common ones.

Examples

친구랑 만났어요 그리고 저녁을 먹었어요. = I met a friend and also ate dinner.

친구랑 만났어요 그런데 저녁을 먹었어요. = I met a friend but ate dinner.

친구랑 만났어요 그래서 저녁을 먹었어요. = I met a friend so I ate dinner.

그러면 같이 가요. = Well then, let’s go together.

버거 아니면 피자 먹고싶어요? = Do you want to eat burgers or pizza?

왜냐하면 전 바빴어요. – Because I’ve been busy.

어쨌든 고마워요. – Anyways, thanks.

CONJUNCTIONS
WORD TRANSLATION
그리고 AND,ALSO,AS WELL
하지만 BUT
그런데,근데 BUT,HOWEVER
그러지만 YES BUT,MOREOVER
그러면,그럼,글쎄 WELL,IN THAT CASE
그래서, 그러니까 SO,THUS,THEREFORE
그래도 BUT STILL
아니면 OR
또는,혹은 OR
왜냐하면 BECAUSE
어쨌든, 아무튼 ANYWAYS, IN ANY CASE
어차피 FINALLY
만약에 IF
Categories
Grammar Lesson 2 Korean

(이)나, 거나, 지만 (or,but)

Let’s learn about two commonly used conjunctions, or (나,거나) and but (지만).

When we want to say Noun A or Noun B, we use (이)나 between the two nouns. When we want to connect sentences together with the same subject, with ‘or’ meaning, we can just append 거나 to the verb ending instead of using 아니면 or 또는.

N + (이)나

1. (이)나 is used between nouns. If the noun ends in a consonant, we append 이나 to the end of the first noun. If the noun ends in a vowel, we append 나 to the end of the first noun.

사과 바나나를 먹고싶어요. = I want to eat apples or bananas.

V + 거나

2. 거나 is used to connect sentences together meaning ‘or’. It’s very simple to use this construct, just change the ending ‘다’ of the verb in the first sentence to 거나 and add the second sentence.

한국에 가거나 일본에 갈거예요. = I’m going to Korea or Japan.

V + 지만

When we want to connect sentences together with the same subject, with ‘but’ meaning, we can just append 지만 to the verb ending instead of using 하지만 or 그런데.

3. 지만 is used to connect sentences together meaning ‘but’.
It’s very simple to use this construct, just change the ending ‘다’ of the verb in the first sentence to 지만 and add the second sentence.

한국에 가지만 일본에도 갈거예요. = I’m going to Korea but I’m also going to Japan.

이 영화를 보고싶지만 친구랑 만나야해요. = I want to see this movie but I have to meet a friend.