Grammar Lesson 4 Korean

것 같다,나 보다,(아/어/여)보이다 (I think, I guess, it seems)

In this lesson we will learn how to say ‘I think’, ‘I assume/suppose/guess’, and ‘it seems like/looks like’.

V + (ㄴ/은,는,ㄹ/을)것 같다

1. To say, ‘I think that…’, you conjugate the verb with past (ㄴ/은), present (는) or future tense (ㄹ/을) (remember how to do that?), and then append 것 같다 as the ending.

내일 비 올 것 같아요. – I think it will rain tomorrow.

누가 한 것 같아요? – Who do you think did it?

V + 나 보다

2. The ending -나 보다 is used when you are assuming, guessing, supposing about something.

재미있나 봐요. – I suppose its interesting.

아무도 없나 봐요? – I guess there’s no one there?

V + 아/어/여 + 보이다
V + ㄹ/을 + 모양이다
N + 듯하다
N + 처럼

3. To say ‘it seems like…’ or ‘it looks like…’, you conjugate the verb into present tense form (아/어/여) (remember how to do that?), then you append 보이다 as the ending. The other endings 모양이다, 듯하다, 처럼 are other ways of saying ‘looks like’ with verbs and nouns.

이 영화는 재미없어 보여요. – This movie seems boring.

외국인 듯한 사람. – A person that looks like a foreigner.

피곤해 보여요. – You seem tired.

V + (으)려나 보다

4. This is a combination of 려고 하다 and 나 보다 which we just learned. This is a way of expressing assumption about a future action that might happen. This is similar to (ㄹ/을)것 같다 except you are less certain.

내일도 날씨가 추우려나 봐요. – It looks like the weather will be cold again tomorrow.

V + (ㄹ/을)거예요

5. This is actually the same form as the future tense, but its meaning is different. Appending (ㄹ/을)거예요 will express assumption, or guessing about something. This is similar to ‘there should be, might be, etc’.

학교 근처에 화장실이 있을거예요. – There should be a bathroom near the school.

할 수 있을거예요. – You should be able to do it.