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Grammar Lesson 3 Korean

(ㄹ/을)게요 (promise to do, decision based on event)

AV + (ㄹ/을)게요

This is a slightly complicated ending.
This ending is a future form ending similar to (ㄹ/을)거예요 except in this case, we are making a decision based on an event, such as what someone else said, or a change of plans, or a promise to do something.
To make this ending, we conjugate the verb with ㄹ if the ending is a vowel and 을 if the ending is a consonant and add 게요 to the end.
With verbs ending in ㄹ already, we don’t need to add ㄹ/을.

1. This ending is used when we are promising another person we will do something, or resolving to do something.

2. This ending is used when we are changing our plans or decide to do something as a result of what someone else said or another event, or looking for a reaction from someone.

3. The 반말 ending is (ㄹ/을)게.

Examples

저도 갈게요. – Well in that case, I’ll go too.

공부할게요. – I promise to study.

Categories
Grammar Lesson 3 Korean

(ㄹ/을)래요 (intention to do, suggestion)

AV + (ㄹ/을)래요

This ending is another future form ending similar to (ㄹ/을)거예요 and (ㄹ/을)게요 except in this case, we intend to do something.
If we use this ending as a question, then it acts as a suggestion similar to (ㄹ/을)까요?
To make this ending, we conjugate the verb with ㄹ if the ending is a vowel and 을 if the ending is a consonant and add 래요 to the end.
With verbs ending in ㄹ already, we don’t need to add ㄹ/을.

1. This ending is used when we have a will or intention to do something.

2. When used as a question, this ending is used when we want to suggest something to other people. This ending is often paired with the honorific particle (으)시 to make 실래요? when speaking in semi-formal contexts.

3. The 반말 ending is (ㄹ/을)래.

4. In general, this is a more casual ending form, even when using the honorific particle question form.

Examples

혼자 할래요. – I want to do it alone.

영화 볼래요? – Do you want to watch a movie?

Categories
Grammar Lesson 3 Korean

(으)려고/러 하다 (intention to do, going to do)

AV + (으)려고 하다
AV + (으)러 가다/오다

려고 하다 is a grammar construct that is showing future action, and is similar to (ㄹ/을)래요 but in this case more like ‘going to do’ and is not just an ending; it acts more like a conjunction because unlike the other future forms, the ending 하다 can be treated just as any other verb.
To make this ending, we conjugate the verb with 으 if the ending is a consonant and add 려고 하다 to the end. We then conjugate 하다 as we would normally, into past tense, present tense, other conjugations, etc

1. 려고 하다 is used when we have an intention to do something.

2. 려고 하다 is also used to express a near future state, like ‘going to do’, or ‘going to happen’.

3. Unlike other future forms, this can act as a conjunction between sentences. It can also be used as an ending.

4. Some verb forms contain ‘러’ between two verbs, such as ‘놀러가다’. ‘러’ is the shorthand version of 려고하다 but can only be used with ‘coming’ (오다) and ‘going’ (가다).

Examples

제가 팔려고 했어요. – I was going to sell it.

비가 올려고 해요. – Rain is going to come.

내가 사려고 했지만 돈이 없어요. – I was going to buy it but I didn’t have money.