What would happen if China opened up trade during Qing Dynasty and modernized early?

Would entirely change China’s history. If Qing emperors weren’t so close minded and xenophobic and actually opened up their country to trade circa 1700s, everything would change.

First of all, China would be the first to industrialize in Asia, not Japan. If Japan did not industrialize first, it would have lost to China and the Sino-Japanese Wars (both of them) would end up with Japan being defeated. The Opium wars similarly might not have ended up as lopsided as it did. Same for Boxer Rebellion. If the late Qing emperors (after Qianlong) were actually competent (let’s not forget Dowager Cixi made some crucial mistakes as well), China’s Qing dynasty might have lasted another 100 years.

China would not have lost Hong Kong to the British. They would have not have lost Taiwan to Japan. Korea would likely still have been taken over by Japan but it’s possibly Japan would not have taken over Manchuria because Qing would have defended that.

If Qing held on to their territories and defended themselves well and had competent emperors, Xinhai revolution would not have happened and ROC would not exist which also means PRC would not exist. If Qing lasts another 100 years, your guess is as good as mine because I have no idea honestly what would have happened there. It’s probable that Japan would not have become as powerful as it was, the Japanese Empire would be weakened, China would have been stronger, and perhaps that would have led to a Cold War era with three superpowers: USA, USSR and China. Likely China would end up closer to something like Russia’s government today? Which ironically, is not too different from what China is now. (but China would have avoided the Mao-era with the famines / cultural revolution)

What single person has altered the course of humanity the most in all of history?

Most influential person in history is quite a title, I think most people would agree that Jesus Christ would be the main person behind the next 2000 years after his death but its disputable whether or not he was actually real, so… a few guys I think up for debate:

Alexander the Great – conquered most of the middle east during his time and influenced Western history so much he has his own period named after his time on Earth – the Hellenistic period.

Julius Caesar – I think if anyone’s names get remembered 2000 years after they die and they stay famous for that long of a time, safe to say they are pretty darn influential

Confucius and Buddha – a HUGE influence among basically all of modern Asia

Genghis Khan – for much the same reason as Alexander/Caesar, a conqueror who shaped a lot of modern Asia and middle east

Sir Isaac Newton – probably along with Einstein the most famous scientist in history though without Newton there wouldn’t be Einstein so…

Christopher Columbus – yes its debatable whether or not he ‘discovered’ America but hey he is still the name brought up the most so…

William Shakespeare – if we’re talking effect on the English language he has to be #1

Nicolaus Copernicus – kickstarted the Scientific Revolution in the West that would last until Newton

Socrates/Plato – Again these guys were the backbone of Western civilization for over 2000 years so.. they got to be up there. And no one really knows whether Socrates actually existed so thats why I combined them.

Aristotle – the guy who would shape science for almost 2000 years. Until Newton, this guy was the pre-eminent scientific source for everything

Martin Luther – responsible for creation of Protestantism and all the history/wars that brought….

Muhammed – the founder of Islam, the second most popular religion on Earth

Note: I don’t put Jesus on here because his existence depends on whether you are Christian or not 🙂

Beyond 1700s I really don’t want to say anyone because too little time has elapsed for them to be considered most influential in human history although I want to put George Washington, Albert Einstein, Charles Darwin, Karl Marx and Adolf Hitler here…

What makes Michael Jordan the best in the history of basketball?

I would revise it to mean history of NBA, not basketball. And even then I don’t think its that clear cut. Michael Jordan is the greatest of all time (GOAT) to most people because he’s a winner (6 championships, no losses in the finals), he’s super competitive, he has 5 MVPs (most out of any guard), he plays in a way that makes him electrifying to watch with lots of high flying dunks and clutch plays, he has the most awards out of any player in the modern era (6 Finals MVPs in addition to the stuff above and 10 scoring titles , DPOY, etc). Plus because people love scoring so much, he’s the penultimate scorer. The highest scoring average in NBA history both in regular season and playoffs. The most complete guard ever. Marketing wise no one else compares, Jordan earns millions a year despite the fact that he’s been retired for over 10 years. He’s the most famous basketball player still to this day.
That makes him an easy choice for GOAT for the majority of people.

There’s 4 other players that could possibly be considered the GOAT though this is for the minority of people:

Wilt Chamberlain – numerous unbroken records, most average rebounds a game, most rebounds all time, led league in assists once, rebounds 11 times, scoring 7 times, FG% several times, averaged 45 minutes a game, 100 points in a game, averaged 50 points and 25 rebounds a game before, etc. For pure statistical dominance, Wilt is at the top.

Kareem Abdul-Jabbar – all time NBA leading scorer, consistently great for 20 years, 6 rings, 6 MVPs, 2 Finals MVPs 14 years apart, 3rd in rebounds and blocks. He has the championship pedigree of Jordan and stats that are not quite Wilt-like but close to it.

Bill Russell – the consummate winner. 11 rings in 13 seasons. 5 MVPs. The greatest defensive player ever. the first african-american coach. The first black superstar in the league. One of the greatest teammates you can ever have. The thing that holds Russell back is his lack of offense, so he can’t really be called a ‘complete’ player like the other guys on this list.

Lebron James – modern era dominance, 7 Finals in a row, makes whatever team he’s on championship calibre, has a ridiculously long prime (pretty much the same as Jordan his entire career is his prime), excels in every category scoring rebounding assists etc. 4 MVPs, 3 rings, 3 finals mvps. The only thing that prevents Lebron from being the GOAT I think is his amount of awards that still trails Jordan. Stats wise you could make arguments that he’s surpassed Jordan in several areas already, but the amount of rings and other awards just aren’t there yet.

So yes to the majority of people, Jordan is the GOAT. the other guys are too old for this generation, weren’t marketed back in their time, and Lebron hasn’t matched up to Jordan in the key category of championships.