Categories
Grammar Lesson 1 Korean

안,지 않다 (negation)

안 + V
V + 지 + 않다

There’s two different ways to make a negative sentence, either using 안 before a verb or conjugating it with -지 않다

1. Putting 안 before a verb makes it negative and doesn’t change its tense
2. Conjugating the verb by replacing ‘다’ with ‘지 않다’ makes it negative, this way is also slightly more formal.

Examples

가요. = I’m not going.

지 않아요. = I’m not eating.

Categories
Korean Vocabulary

Who,what,when,where,why,how

Let’s learn the basic interrogative words: who,what,when,where,why,how,how much,and which

1. Who (누구), what (뭐,무엇), when (언제), where (어디), why (왜), and how (어떻게) are usually used before verbs.

2. Which (어떤,무슨) is usually used before nouns.

3. How much (얼마나) is usually used before adverbs or adjectives.

4. To add the meaning of ‘somebody, sometime, somewhere, something’, just append ㄴ가 to the end of 누구, 언제, 어디, 무엇, respectively.

5. To add the meaning of ‘anybody, anytime, anywhere, anything’, just append 나 to the end of 누구, 언제, 어디, 무엇, respectively.

6. To add the meaning of ‘whoever, whenever, whereever, whatever’, just append 든지 to the end of 누구, 언제, 어디, 무엇, respectively.

Examples

누구세요 ? = Who is this?

어디 갔어요 ? = Where did you go?

해요 ? = What are you doing?

언제 왔어요 ? = When did you come?

왔어요 ? = Why did you come?

얼마나 커요 ? = How big is it?

어떻게 했어요 ? = How did you do it?

어떤 식당요 ? = Which restaurant?

INTERROGATIVE WORDS
WORD TRANSLATION
어디 WHERE
뭐,무엇 WHAT
언제 WHEN
누구 WHO
WHY
어떻게 HOW
무슨,어느,어떤 WHICH
얼마나 HOW MUCH
누군가 SOMEONE
어젠가 SOMEDAY,SOMETIME
어딘가 SOMEWHERE
뭔가,무엇인가 SOMETHING
누구나 ANYONE, EVERYONE
어제나 ANYTIME
어디나 ANYWHERE, EVERYWHERE
무엇이나 ANYTHING
누구든지 WHOEVER
무엇이든지 WHATEVER
어디든지 WHEREEVER
언제든지 WHENEVER
얼마든지 ANY AMOUNT
어떻게든지 NO MATTER HOW
Categories
Grammar Lesson 1 Korean

(ㄹ/을)거예요 (future tense)

V + (ㄹ/을)거예요

When we want to speak in future tense, we conjugate korean verbs by removing the verb stem ‘다’ and replacing it with either ㄹ거예요 or 을거예요.

1. When the verb’s last character is a consonant, we replace the stem with ‘을거예요’.

2. When the verb’s last character is a vowel, we append ㄹ to the bottom of the verb and add 거예요.

3. ㄹ/을 거야 is the plain form of this ending.

Examples

내일 갈거예요. = I will go tomorrow.

입을거예요? = What will you wear?