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Grammar Lesson 1 Korean

았/었/였 (past tense)

V + 았/었/였다

When we want to speak in past tense, we conjugate korean verbs by removing the verb stem ‘다’ and replacing it with either 았다,었다 or 였다.

1. When the verb’s last vowel ends in ㅏ or ㅗ, we replace the stem with ‘았어’.

2. When the verb’s last vowel does not end in ㅏ or ㅗ, we replace the stem with ‘었어’.

3. When the verb ends in 하다 or 이다, we replace it with ‘였어’.

Examples

가다 + 았 + 어 + 요 = 갔어요 – went

먹다 + 었 + 어 + 요 = 먹었어요 – ate

좋아하다 + 였 + 어 + 요 = 좋아했어요 – liked

오늘은 시장에 갔어요. = I went to the supermarket today.

친구랑 놀았어요. = I played with a friend.

Categories
Grammar Lesson 1 Korean

고 싶다 (to want)

AV + 고 싶다

Appending -고 싶다 to a verb means to want to do [verb].
Remove the ‘다’ ending of the verb, and replace it with 고 싶어요, which is the usual polite form.

Examples

뭐 먹고 싶어요? = What do you want to eat?

한국에 가고싶어요 = I want to go to Korea.

Categories
Grammar Lesson 1 Korean

에,에서 (location, time)

location/time + 에/에서

에 is a particle used to mark location, time or other static situations.
에서 is used to mark locations where some action is happening.
에 roughly corresponds to ‘at,to,in,of,by’, and it usually attached to the location or situation it is marking.
에서 is used the same way, except an action or event is happening there.

Examples

가요 = I am going to my home.

에서 먹어요 = I eat at home.

몇시 가요? = What time are you going?

한국에서 살아요. = I live in Korea.