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Grammar Lesson 4 Korean

겠 (intention,assumption)

Now let’s learn about a very common yet very complex particle, 겠. This particle can express intention to do something, or an assumption about something. Unlike other pieces of grammar we have learned, 겠 goes in the middle of verbs rather than at the end.

V + 겠

1. The most common usage of 겠 is to express your opinion, idea, or assumption about something. 겠어요 is the typical ending, but since 겠 can go in the middle of a verb conjugation, we can actually add other Korean endings at the end that you have learned, such as 네요, or .

저도 들어가겠네요. – I think I can get in too.

혼자 사는게 외롭겠죠. – Living alone must be lonely.

V + 겠습니다
V + 시겠습니까?

2. 겠 is often used in formal expressions. In the deferential form, 겠 can be used to express intention, or a request.

어디로 가시겠습니까? – Where you would you like to go?

3. 겠 is often used in set expressions or phrases.

힘들어 죽겠어요. – It’s been rough for me.

잘 먹겠습니다. – Let’s eat well.

잘 모르겠어요. – I don’t know.

알겠습니다. – I got it. I understand.

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Grammar Lesson 4 Korean

느라,길래,더니 (showing result with nuances)

In Korean, there are many ways to connect sentences, each with different nuances. With 아/어/여서,(으)니까, there isn’t a specific nuance tied to the situation, but now we will learn about three connective particles which do have specific use cases.

V + 느라/느라고

1. 느라/느라고 shows a negative result with a specific cause. The subjects should be the same, its only used in present tense and you can’t make a ‘let’s sentence using this form.

시험 준비 하느라고 바빠요. – I’m preparing for an exam, so I’m busy. (busy is the negative result).

V + 길래

2. 길래 shows that you are doing an action as a result of observation. When used in a question sentence, you are asking for the reason behind a decision.

비가 오길래 우산을 가져왔어요. – It’s raining so I brought an umbrella. (as a result of observing that it’s raining).

뭐 했길래 이렇게 지쳤어요? – What did you do to be so tired? (asking for details)

V + 더니

3. 더니 is very similar to 길래, except the two actions are either contrasted with one another, or one action is the direct result of the other action.

아침에는 춥더니 지금은 따뜻하네요. – The weather was cold in the morning, and now it’s warm (showing contrast).

V + 았/었/였 + 더니

4. This is the same as 더니 except with past tense forms.

전화를 했더니 친구는 벌써 나가고 없었다. – I called my friend but he already went out.

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Grammar Lesson 4 Korean

(ㄹ/을) 테니까,(ㄹ/을) 텐데요 (anticipation, expectation)

Now let’s learn about two grammar constructs that express anticipation/belief/expectation about something. (ㄹ/을) 테니까 is a conjunction and (ㄹ/을) 텐데요 is an ending.

V + (ㄹ/을)테니까

1. (ㄹ/을)테니까 is used when you are offering to do something and expect something in return.

제가 할 테니까, 걱정하지 말고 쉬세요 – I will do it, so don’t worry and get some rest.

2. (ㄹ/을)테니까 is used when you are certain that something will happen, and telling someone to do something in response. It is similar to the expression ‘Since…’ or ‘I expect…’.

밖에 추울 테니까 나가지 마세요. – Since it will be cold outside, don’t go out.

V + (ㄹ/을) 텐데요

3. (ㄹ/을) 텐데요 is the equivalent of saying ‘it must be…’, ‘it would be…’ or ‘I imagine/believe/think it would be…’

아 맞아요, 오늘이 친구의 생일일텐데요. – Oh right, it must be my friends birthday today.

여친이 있으면 좋을텐데요. – It would be nice to have a girlfriend.