Categories
Alphabet Korean

Basic Korean Vowels and Consonants

Ok, let’s learn the basic Korean vowels! There’s 8 of them, with the english equivalent pronunciation guide.

1. ㅏ – this vowel sounds like ‘ah’, or the ‘a’ in ‘father’.

2. ㅓ – this vowel sounds like ‘aww’, or the ‘Au’ in ‘Australia’.

3. ㅗ – this vowel sounds like ‘oh’, or the ‘o’ in ‘so’.

4. ㅜ – this vowel sounds like ‘ooh’ or the ‘ue’ in ‘sue’.

5. ㅡ – this vowel sounds like ‘uhh’ or the ‘oo’ in ‘good’.

6. ㅣ – this vowel sounds like ‘ee’ or the ‘ee’ in ‘see’.

7. ㅔ – this vowel sounds like ‘eh’ or the ‘e’ in ‘bed’.

8. ㅐ – this vowel sounds like ‘ay’ or the ‘ay’ in ‘lay’.

That’s the basic 8 Korean vowels. Now let’s move on to consonants!

Ok, let’s learn the basic Korean consonants! There’s 10 of them, with the english equivalent pronunciation guide. These are a bit more tricky since their pronunciation changes depending on where in the word it is located.

Note that when I say ‘almost silent if it’s at the end’, it’s almost like mouthing the letter with your mouth but not actually completely saying it. This is one of the hardest parts of pronouncing Korean.

1. ㅂ – this consonant sounds like a soft ‘p’ when it’s the first consonant in a korean word, like ‘b’ if it’s in the middle of the word, and almost silent if it’s at the end.

2. ㅈ – this consonant sounds like a soft ‘ch’ when it’s the first consonant in a korean word, like ‘j’ if it’s in the middle of the word, and almost silent if it’s at the end.

3. ㄷ – this consonant sounds like a soft ‘t’ when it’s the first consonant in a korean word, like ‘d’ if it’s in the middle of the word, and almost silent if it’s at the end.

4. ㄱ – this consonant sounds like a soft ‘k’ when it’s the first consonant in a korean word, like ‘g’ if it’s in the middle of the word, and almost silent if it’s at the end.

5. ㅅ – this consonant sounds like a soft ‘s’ when it’s the first consonant in a korean word, like ‘sh’ if it’s followed by ‘ㅣ’, and almost silent if it’s at the end of a word.

6. ㅁ – this consonant sounds like ‘m’ no matter where its placed in a word.

7. ㄴ – this consonant sounds like ‘n’ no matter where its placed in a word.

8. ㅇ – this consonant is silent if it’s at the beginning or middle of a Korean word, and like ‘ng’ (like in ‘running’) when placed at the end of a Korean word.

9. ㄹ – this consonant sounds like ‘l’ no matter where its placed in a Korean word.

10. ㅎ – this consonant sounds like ‘h’ at the beginning or middle of a Korean word, and is almost silent if it’s at the end of a word.

That’s the basic 10 Korean consonants. Now let’s move on to advanced vowels!

Categories
Korean Vocabulary

Basic Korean Expressions

First, let’s start off by learning some of the basic Korean expressions.

BASIC EXPRESSIONS
WORD TRANSLATION
안녕하세요 HI, HELLO
감사합니다 THANK YOU, THANKS
고맙습니다 THANK YOU, THANKS
YES, YEAH
아니요 NO
맞아요 YES, CORRECT
안녕히 계세요 GOODBYE (TO PERSON WHO IS STAYING)
안녕히 가세요 GOODBYE (TO PEOPLE WHO ARE LEAVING)
죄송합니다 SORRY
미안합니다 SORRY
저기요 EXCUSE ME
잠시만요 JUST A MOMENT, WAIT ONE SECOND
잠깐만요 JUST A MOMENT, WAIT ONE SECOND
만나서 반갑습니다 NICE TO MEET YOU
잘 먹겠습니다 LET’S ENJOY OUR MEAL
잘 먹었습니다 I ATE WELL
괜찮아요 IT’S OK,IT’S ALRIGHT,DON’T WORRY ABOUT IT
걱정마세요 DON’T WORRY
그렇군요 I SEE
그래요 SURE
Categories
Korean Vocabulary

Basic Korean Vocabulary

Ok, now let’s learn some basic vocabulary.

Here a list of some basic Korean vocabulary that you might find helpful.

BASIC VOCABULARY
WORD TRANSLATION
THIS
THAT (CLOSE)
THAT (FAR)
I,ME
I,ME (FORMAL)
나의,내 MY,MINE
저의,제 MY,MINE (FORMAL)
너, 자네 YOU
당신 YOU (FORMAL)
너의,네,니 YOUR
우리 WE,US
저희 WE,US (FORMAL)
너희 YOU,YOUR
HE,HIM
그녀,걔 SHE,HER
그들,걔들,걔네 THEY
이렇게 LIKE THIS
그렇게 LIKE THAT
ALL
MORE
아직 STILL
같이,함께 TOGETHER
역시 ALSO,YET
이미,벌써 ALREADY
거의 ALMOST
아마,어쩌면,혹시 MAYBE,PERHAPS
바로,곧바로,즉시,즉각,하루빨리 IMMEDIATELY, AT ONCE
꼭,딱 CERTAINLY, EXACTLY
어쩐지, 그런대로 SOMEHOW
여기 HERE
거기 THERE (CLOSE)
저기 THERE (FAR)
어디 WHERE
뭐,무엇 WHAT
언제 WHEN
누구 WHO
WHY
어떻게 HOW
무슨,어느,어떤 WHICH
얼마나 HOW MUCH
누군가 SOMEONE
어젠가 SOMEDAY,SOMETIME
어딘가 SOMEWHERE
뭔가 SOMETHING
제발,부디 PLEASE
가지,종류 TYPE OF, KIND OF
여러 MANY, VARIOUS
기타,따위,등등 ETC
과연 INDEED,SURE ENOUGH
어차피,어쨌든,아무튼 ANYWAYS
드디어,마침내,이제야,결국에,이윽고 INDEED,SURE ENOUGH