Grammar Lesson 3 Korean

보다,편이다 (compared to, relatively, preference)

보다 is used for comparing two nouns. 아/어/여 편이다 is used for preference or to say relatively [verb].

N1 + 은/는 + N2 + 보다 + 더 + …

1. 보다 is attached to a noun, and is used for saying something like ‘A is more [verb] than B’. To make this sentence, in Korean we write A은/는 B보다 더 [verb], or B보다 A는 더 [verb].

V + 아/어/여 + 편이다

2. To say you prefer something more or mean to say relatively [verb], you conjugate the verb normally using 아/어/여, then add 편이다 as an ending.


한국에는 캘리포니아보다 더 추워요. = It is colder in Korea than California.

캘리포니아보다 한국은 더 추워요. = It is colder in Korea than California.

커피는 차보다 더 맛있어요. = Coffee is more delicious than Tea.

커피는 차를 좋아해 편이에요. = I prefer tea to coffee.

좀 더운 편이에요. = It is relatively hot.

Grammar Lesson 4 Korean

아/어/여 보다,았었/었었/였었,본 적 있다/없다 (to try, done before)

In this lesson, we will learn how to say how to try something, and to say whether we’ve done something before.

AV + 아/어/여 + 보다

1. There isn’t really a verb for ‘to try’ in Korean, instead we conjugate the verb that we are trying to do into present form (아/어/여) and append 보다 as an ending.

먹어봐요. – Try eating it!

그 책을 공부해보세요. – Try studying that book.

AV + 본 적 있다
AV + 본 적 없다

2. When we ask others whether they’ve tried or done something before, we can do it two ways: We can either use ‘아/어/여 보다’ with a question ending, or we can append ‘본 적 있다’ with a question ending. Using [verb] + 본 적 없다 means you haven’t done something before.

한국에 가봤어요? = 한국에 가 본 적 있어요? – Have you been to Korea before? / Have you ever been to Korea?

난 가 본 적 없어요. – I haven’t gone before.

AV + 았었/었었/였었다

3. There is another way to say you’ve done something before, we can either use ‘아/어/여 보다’ in past tense, or use perfect past tense, which is conjugating the verb into past tense, then conjugating that past tense again. In short, it’s verb + 았었다/었었다/였었다.

서을에서 살았었어요. – I’ve lived in Seoul before.

한국에 가봤어요 = 한국에 갔었어요. – I’ve been to Korea before.