Grammar Lesson 3 Korean

(ㄹ/을)게요 (promise to do, decision based on event)

AV + (ㄹ/을)게요

This is a slightly complicated ending.
This ending is a future form ending similar to (ㄹ/을)거예요 except in this case, we are making a decision based on an event, such as what someone else said, or a change of plans, or a promise to do something.
To make this ending, we conjugate the verb with ㄹ if the ending is a vowel and 을 if the ending is a consonant and add 게요 to the end.
With verbs ending in ㄹ already, we don’t need to add ㄹ/을.

1. This ending is used when we are promising another person we will do something, or resolving to do something.

2. This ending is used when we are changing our plans or decide to do something as a result of what someone else said or another event, or looking for a reaction from someone.

3. The 반말 ending is (ㄹ/을)게.


저도 갈게요. – Well in that case, I’ll go too.

공부할게요. – I promise to study.

Grammar Lesson 3 Korean

게,히,이,(적)으로 Adverbs

There are several ways to make an adverb in Korean.
Generally, the most common way is to conjugate the adjective with the ending ‘게’, but other words may conjugate with ‘히’, ‘이’, or ‘으로’, depending on the verb.

DV + 게

1. ‘게’ is the most common way of making an adverb. You just take a descriptive verb (adjective), remove the stem, and append 게.

맛있 먹어요! – Eat deliciously!

안전하 걸으세요! – Walk safely!

DV + 히/이

2. ‘히’ and ‘이’ appear sometimes, but not as often. It depends on the verb, as some verbs use ‘히’ and ‘이’ endings much more naturally than ‘게’.

천천 말해주세요! – Speak slowly!

한국어 많 들었어요. – I heard a lot of Korean.

N + 적 + 으로

3. ‘으로’ is only used with a specific set of adjectives. Mainly, those that end in ‘적’. Attaching ‘적’ is equivalent to adding ‘-ness’ to a noun, and appending ‘으로’ to that makes it an adverb.

일반 (general) + 적 (general-ness) + 으로 = Generally

사적 (personal) 으로 = Personally

기본 (basic) + 적 (basic-ness) + 으로 = Basically