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Grammar Lesson 1 Korean

(ㄹ/을)거예요 (future tense)

V + (ㄹ/을)거예요

When we want to speak in future tense, we conjugate korean verbs by removing the verb stem ‘다’ and replacing it with either ㄹ거예요 or 을거예요.

1. When the verb’s last character is a consonant, we replace the stem with ‘을거예요’.

2. When the verb’s last character is a vowel, we append ㄹ to the bottom of the verb and add 거예요.

3. ㄹ/을 거야 is the plain form of this ending.

Examples

내일 갈거예요. = I will go tomorrow.

입을거예요? = What will you wear?

Categories
Grammar Lesson 2 Korean

(ㄹ/을) 수(도) 있다/없다,못 (can do,can’t do,might do, unable to do)

Now let’s learn how to say we can do, can’t do, might do, or unable to do something.

AV + (ㄹ/을) 수 있다

1. When we want to say we can do something, we conjugate korean verbs by removing the verb stem ‘다’ and replacing it with (ㄹ/을)수 있어요. When the verb’s last character is a consonant, we replace the stem with ‘을 수 있어요’ else we remove the stem, append ㄹ to the bottom of the verb and add ‘수 있어요’.

운전할 수 있어요? = Can you drive?

AV + (ㄹ/을) 수 없다

2. If we can’t do something, then we replace ‘다’ with (ㄹ/을)수 없다. When the verb’s last character is a consonant, we replace the stem with ‘을 수 없어요’ else we remove the stem, append ㄹ to the bottom of the verb and add ‘수 없어요’.

중국어 할 수 없어요. = I can’t speak Chinese.

AV + (ㄹ/을) 수도 있다

3. If we might do something, then we replace ‘다’ with (ㄹ/을)수도 있다.When the verb’s last character is a consonant, we replace the stem with ‘을 수도 있어요’ else we remove the stem, append ㄹ to the bottom of the verb and add ‘수도 있어요’.

한국에서 살 수도 있어요. = I might live in Korea.

못 + AV
AV + 지 + 못하다

4. If we want to say we are unable to do something (this is different than cannot), we use the word ‘못’ + Verb, or Verb + ‘지 못하다’.

지켜 주지 못해요. = I am unable to protect you.

지켜줘요 = I am unable to protect you.