Category: Grammar Lesson 2

  • 와/과,하고,(이)랑,및 (and/with)

    When we want to say Noun A and/with Noun B, we use 와/과, 하고 or (이)랑 between the two nouns. N + 와/과 1. 와/과 is formal, and usually used in writing. If the noun ends in a consonant, we append 과 to the end of the first noun. If the noun ends in a vowel, we…

  • Irregular Verbs (ㅂ,르,ㄷ,ㅅ)

    Now it’s time to learn about irregular verbs. Irregular verbs don’t follow the regular present tense conjugations. There are four different verb endings you should be aware of: ㅂ,르,ㄷ,ㅅ. 1. If a verb ends in ‘ㅂ’, first if the vowel before the ㅂ is 오, then we remove the ㅂ, and add 오, else if…

  • 고 있다 (Present Progressive Tense)

    AV + 고 있다 Present Progressive tense is the tense you use when you are saying you are currently doing something. In English the equivalent ending is ‘-ing’. In Korean, we remove the ‘다’ part of the verb, and replace it with 고 있어요, which is the usual polite form. Note that the honorific version…

  • 고,도,만,며 (and,also,too,only)

    Let’s learn about three very commonly used particles: 고, 도 and 만. V + 고 When we are talking about the same subject and want to connect two sentences together, we can just append -고 instead of using 그리고. It’s very simple to use this construct, just change the ending ‘다’ of the verb in…

  • (으)면 (if,when)

    V + (으)면 When we want to say a conditional sentence in Korean, a sentence that carries the meaning ‘if’, then we have to conjugate the Korean verb that we are using ‘if’ with, by replacing the ‘다’ stem with (으)면. 1. If the verb ends in a consonant, then we replace the verb stem…

  • 동안 (duration)

    Attaching -동안 to a length of time indicates duration, or during that time. If you attach it to a verb, then you are saying while that action was happening. length of time + 동안 1. Attaching 동안 to a length of time indicates during that time. 한국어를 얼마나동안 배웠어요? – How long have you been…