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Grammar Lesson 2 Korean

(이)나, 거나, 지만 (or,but)

Let’s learn about two commonly used conjunctions, or (나,거나) and but (지만).

When we want to say Noun A or Noun B, we use (이)나 between the two nouns. When we want to connect sentences together with the same subject, with ‘or’ meaning, we can just append 거나 to the verb ending instead of using 아니면 or 또는.

N + (이)나

1. (이)나 is used between nouns. If the noun ends in a consonant, we append 이나 to the end of the first noun. If the noun ends in a vowel, we append 나 to the end of the first noun.

사과 바나나를 먹고싶어요. = I want to eat apples or bananas.

V + 거나

2. 거나 is used to connect sentences together meaning ‘or’. It’s very simple to use this construct, just change the ending ‘다’ of the verb in the first sentence to 거나 and add the second sentence.

한국에 가거나 일본에 갈거예요. = I’m going to Korea or Japan.

V + 지만

When we want to connect sentences together with the same subject, with ‘but’ meaning, we can just append 지만 to the verb ending instead of using 하지만 or 그런데.

3. 지만 is used to connect sentences together meaning ‘but’.
It’s very simple to use this construct, just change the ending ‘다’ of the verb in the first sentence to 지만 and add the second sentence.

한국에 가지만 일본에도 갈거예요. = I’m going to Korea but I’m also going to Japan.

이 영화를 보고싶지만 친구랑 만나야해요. = I want to see this movie but I have to meet a friend.