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Grammar Lesson 3 Korean

(으)려고/러 하다 (intention to do, going to do)

AV + (으)려고 하다
AV + (으)러 가다/오다

려고 하다 is a grammar construct that is showing future action, and is similar to (ㄹ/을)래요 but in this case more like ‘going to do’ and is not just an ending; it acts more like a conjunction because unlike the other future forms, the ending 하다 can be treated just as any other verb.
To make this ending, we conjugate the verb with 으 if the ending is a consonant and add 려고 하다 to the end. We then conjugate 하다 as we would normally, into past tense, present tense, other conjugations, etc

1. 려고 하다 is used when we have an intention to do something.

2. 려고 하다 is also used to express a near future state, like ‘going to do’, or ‘going to happen’.

3. Unlike other future forms, this can act as a conjunction between sentences. It can also be used as an ending.

4. Some verb forms contain ‘러’ between two verbs, such as ‘놀러가다’. ‘러’ is the shorthand version of 려고하다 but can only be used with ‘coming’ (오다) and ‘going’ (가다).

Examples

제가 팔려고 했어요. – I was going to sell it.

비가 올려고 해요. – Rain is going to come.

내가 사려고 했지만 돈이 없어요. – I was going to buy it but I didn’t have money.