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Grammar Lesson 2 Korean

와/과,하고,(이)랑,및 (and/with)

When we want to say Noun A and/with Noun B, we use 와/과, 하고 or (이)랑 between the two nouns.

N + 와/과

1. 와/과 is formal, and usually used in writing. If the noun ends in a consonant, we append 과 to the end of the first noun. If the noun ends in a vowel, we append 와 to the end of the first noun.

부모님 쇼핑 갔어요. = I went shopping with my parents.

N + 하고

2. 하고 is used both in writing and in speaking, and can be used both formally and casually. 하고 is usually inserted in between the two nouns.

우유 하고 빵 주세요. = Milk and Bread please.

N + (이)랑

3. (이)랑 is the most casual and usually used in speaking. When the noun ends in a consonant, we append 이랑 to the end of the first noun. If the noun ends in a vowel, we append 랑 to the end of the first noun.

친구 영화를 봤어요. = I watched a movie with a friend.

N + 및

4. 및 is the most formal, and used in writing only. It is usually inserted in between the two nouns.

건강 피트니스. – Health and Fitness.