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Grammar Lesson 2 Korean

고,도,만,며 (and,also,too,only)

Let’s learn about three very commonly used particles: 고, 도 and 만.

V + 고

When we are talking about the same subject and want to connect two sentences together, we can just append -고 instead of using 그리고.
It’s very simple to use this construct, just change the ending ‘다’ of the verb in the first sentence to 고 and add the second sentence.

친구랑 만났 영화를 봤어요. = I met a friend and watched a movie.

한국에 가 일본에 갈거예요. = I’m going to Korea and Japan.

V + 며

-며 is very similar to using -고 between verbs except it is more formal and usually used in writing.

커피 마셨 버거를 먹었어요. = I drank some coffee and ate a burger.

N + 도

When we want to add the meaning of ‘also’ or ‘too’ to a noun, we use the particle ‘도’.
We append 도 to the end of a noun, and this also adds the meaning of the noun being the topic/subject of the sentence as well.
So when we use 도, we don’t use 는/은 or 이/가 with it.

집에서 요리해요 = I cook at home too.

저는 집에서 요리해요 = I also cook at home.

N + 만

When we want to add the meaning of ‘only’ to a noun, we use the particle ‘만’.
We append 만 to the end of a noun, and this also adds the meaning of the noun being the topic/subject of the sentence as well.
So when we use 만, we don’t use 는/은 or 이/가 with it.

Examples

맥주 주문했어요 = I only ordered beer.

집에서 요리해요 = I only cook at home.