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Grammar Lesson 4 Korean

가지고,없이 (with, so, after, without)

Now we look at two grammar constructs that are used a lot in everyday Korean. These two constructs are 가지고 and 없이.

1. 가지고 means ‘with’.

신분중을 가지고 오세요. – Come with your ID.

V + 아/어/여 + 가지고

2. 아/어/여 가지고 can be used colloquiolly to replace 아/어/여서 in sentences, which connect sentences together with a reason/casual connection.

이걸 진짜 좋아 가지고 많이 샀어요. – I really like these so I bought a lot.

3. 아/어/여 가지고 can mean after doing something, much like how 고 나서 is used.

저녁을 먹어 가지고 신문을 읽어요. – After I ate dinner, I read the newspaper.

4. 없이 means ‘without’.

함버거를 케찹 없이 먹는거 좋아해요. – I like to eat hamburgers without ketchup.