What are the differences between Korean culture and Chinese culture?

A lot of differences. Some Chinese people say that Koreans “stole” Chinese culture but in some ways Korea is more Chinese than modern day China is.

-Koreans follow strict Confucian principles more than modern day Chinese do. This was true even back in the old times when Qing China and Joseon Korea existed. Koreans more than any other race stick together. They have this sense of ‘togetherness’ that does not exist to the same extent in modern day China. For example, somebody fall down in the street in China. Does anyone care? If it happened in Korea many people will help them. Do Chinese people really care about how other people act behave or look like? Maybe, but not to the same degree Koreans care.

-Loyalty and politeness. Korea takes a lot of cultural cues from Japan. This is one of them.. Korean companies value loyalty and expect the workers to stay at their company their whole life, just like in Japan. Its considered disloyal to quit the company or change companies. This does not happen in China. Also social cues like ‘nun-chi’ 눈치 in Korea its kind of like mannerisms towards older status people doesn’t really exist in China. Koreans bow when greeting each other. Chinese shake hands much like Westerners.

-During new years or Thanksgiving Koreans (particularly the women) will dress in their traditional outfits the hanbok 한복 and traditionally prepare food for their ancestors. A lot of Korean couples also wear hanbok just for taking pictures. You will not see Chinese wear their traditional outfits for things like this. The only times I see Chinese wear qipao or hanfu are for stage plays, Chinese opera or for traditional type weddings, thats it.

-Language. Korean language although they used to use Chinese characters, is very different now. They use honorifics in their language just like Japanese. So talking to older or younger person uses different grammar. Not so in Mandarin chinese.

-Work culture as I mentioned is pretty different. And its more competitive. Koreans have to learn either Chinese or Japanese in high school (in addition to studying 14+ hours a day but that’s something shared in common with China), and because appearance is valued so much in Korea, lots of girls get plastic surgery just to have a higher chance of getting a job there. Most students study English late into the night. You’ll find that the average Korean’s English is better than the averaged Chinese’s English skill. In China its not quite as competitive due to the following fact:

-Chinese are more ambitious and bigger risk takers than Koreans are. Koreans are very socially conservative more so than Chinese. They are risk averse and would rather suicide because they couldn’t get into Samsung or a famous university than start their own company. Chinese will find another way to get a job or start their own companies. They don’t give up quite as easily.

-Koreans care about appearance a lot like I mentioned. So almost all Korean girls wear makeup, dress up, and don’t wear glasses. Their fashion styles are totally different. In China its not quite as important, BUT they focus a lot more of showing off their wealth which means buying brand name items and owning homes is more important over there. Korean women wear more revealing clothes on average than Chinese women do. You’ll find that almost all the service women you see on Korean TV (broadcasters, reporters, etc) are attractive. Korea definitely places more emphasis on women’s appearances than China does. Their airline attendants and female golf players all look like models.

-Koreans are a more ‘traditional’ society… the women usually stay at home to take care of children, and do cooking and cleaning, while in China these duties are shared between the husband and wife. Gender equality is better in China due to communism..

-China is both more conservative and more liberal than Korea in some ways. It’s more liberal in the sense that gender equality is significantly better for women in China than in Korea. You’ll see many Chinese female CEOs, many Chinese women making as much or more than Chinese men, many Chinese women controlling the household etc whereas in Korea it’s almost always the men controlling the household, making money, being the CEO, making all the decisions etc. Abortion was legalized in China 30 years before Korea legalized it. Korea only legalized abortion in 2019. 

-But China is also more conservative in the sense that it censors a lot of sex/violence in entertainment which Korea only restricts but does not censor (in fact there are large numbers of Korean movies produced each year with sex scenes/violence in it), many Chinese will not talk about prostitution or sex whereas Koreans will acknowledge that prostitution exists in Korea and can talk about sex (albeit being an uncomfortable topic to discuss). the concept of Dowries exist in China but not in Korea. In China, the men always pay for everything, whereas in Korea the men pay for the majority of things but not everything.

-China is a very diverse country full of different races. Korea is 99% Korean. This means if you look different or act different, you are probably more likely to be noticed in Korea than in China. Korea is a very conformist society and people like to act and look the same. You will find less ‘crazy’ people in Korea than in other countries.

-Religion. 40% of Koreans are Christians and another 30% are Buddhist. Since Communism eliminated religion, very few Chinese are actually religious.

-Koreans like to export their culture to other countries like kpop or kdramas. They somewhat have to do this because their country is small and they have a limited market, so their global marketing skills are very developed. China has a big domestic market so not much need to export their music or fashion or entertainment, thats why you never about hear any Chinese pop conventions…

-Korean food is really just a subset of Chinese food. Chinese people eat almost anything. spicy things, fried things, insects, herbs, parts of frog or duck or dog or horse, etc almost ANYTHING. The cuisine really depends on part of China, but Korean food tends to be spicy, and their cuisine really is a subset of Chinese cuisine. I can say almost anything you eat in Korea can be found *somewhere* in China, but not the other way around. Very few Koreans eat actual Chinese food and instead eat “Koreanized’ Chinese food. Jajeongmyeon is actually Korean food but they think its Chinese.

-Both countries are relatively safe compared to gun crazy America, but Korea is more safe. In China there is always risk of food poisoning, people stealing stuff, getting scammed etc. In Korea you can leave your phone on a table for hours and no one will take it. There was even one incident where a Chinese female friend had forgotten her laptop in Korea and the Korean staff actually took the time to ship the laptop back to her in China. 

Thats just a few differences.. there are indeed MANY since I lived in both countries. Even tiny minor things, for example Koreans like to drink when they are together and Chinese play card games (Koreans dont play card games very often). Chinese don’t drink or party as much as Koreans do on average. Games like Mahjong are non-existent in Korea but everywhere in China. Koreans love their coffee and Chinese love tea. The amount of coffee and tea shops in both places are pretty much reversed.

How does a Chinese person living in western countries cope with seeing media that is almost 100% negative to China?

I think there’s a deep misunderstanding by Chinese here; first that Western media is part of some Western conspiracy to bring down China and that by extension, almost all Westerners must hate China (not true).

While it is true that the *majority* of Western media articles are negative towards China, it really doesn’t matter because… most Americans don’t even trust their own media

Americans’ Trust in Mass Media Edges Down to 41%

Most Americans say they have lost trust in the media

https://www.usnews.com/news/politics/articles/2019-07-02/poll-one-third-of-americans-believe-media-are-enemy-of-the-people

Almost One Third of Americans Don’t Trust the Media: Poll

‘Fake News’ Fears: 95% of Americans ‘Troubled’ by Current State of Media, Poll Finds

It’s kinda hard to ‘brainwash’ people when most people don’t think your information is real.

We should take a look in contrast, at what % of Chinese state media coverage is favorable towards America/Western countries (I’m willing to bet, most of it is negative as well) – and what % of Chinese believe their media (I’m also willing to bet, most Chinese believe their own media at least at a higher percentage that Americans believe theirs).

In fact you’ll find that most American media pits Americans.. against each other! Democrats vs Republicans. Liberals vs Conservatives. Trump supporters vs anti-Trump supporters. Far right vs Anti-fascist. Red states vs blue states.

I cannot say for all Western media, but I assume that Canadian, Australian, British, French news etc are in general slightly less negative towards China than America is, but I will say one thing which is that the purpose of the media is to essentially control the people – but the media needs to gain the trust of the people first. If it cannot, then it has no purpose anymore.

There’s a few corollaries I would like to make too:

  1. Western media is not just biased against China, it’s also biased against North Korea, Turkey, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Islam states etc i.e it has an agenda which is to form opinions in peoples minds to create division between people and countries
  2. Media can only be effective if people trust the media. Right now that is not the case in America.
  3. Most American media right now is much too concerned with pitting Americans against each other rather than trying to pit Americans against China. In fact I would go so far as to say in today’s partisan climate, an American is more likely to support China’s government than they are supporting the opposing Democrat/Republican party. That’s how divided America is right now. Heck a lot of Trump supporters warmed up to Kim Jong Un and Vladmir Putin – effectively because Trump tweeted that they were nice people!
  4. Can’t generalize a group of people who span hundreds of racial groups, ethnicities, backgrounds, and dozens of governments into one group “Westerners”. I’m a Westerner. So is the Hispanic guy who works as a car mechanic in Texas. So is the single mother of three working 3 jobs a day in New Jersey. So is the Chinese-American adopted girl who got raised in Los Angeles. Or the Businessman from Paris. Or the Security Guard from England. Or the Zookeeper in Australia. they are all Westerners. We are all very different. There’s no way we’d be able to agree on anything together including hating on a single country because the media said so.

Political Polarization in the American Public

The Disunited States: How partisan politics is polarising the US

Poll: America’s partisan divisions are wider than ever

^ some additional info – Americans are too busy fighting each other to be united in anything including hating on China. I also suspect that there is some narrative going on in China as well to pit Chinese against Western countries/America – again because there is a political agenda at play here. The more nationalistic Chinese get the more likely they are to shun foreign products/services, buy domestic products and use domestic services therefore boosting the overall economy. Every nation has its own agenda.

Who are the 1st, 2nd, 3rd gen Kpop Idols

1st gen (1990s-early 2000s)

Seo Taiji

SES

FINKL

HOT

Sechskies

GOD

Shinhwa

BoA

Rain

Kangta

Lee Hyori

Fly to the Sky

Epik High

PSY

2nd gen (mid 2000s-early 2010s)

TVXQ

SNSD (Girls Generation)

Wondergirls

2NE1

SS501

Big Bang

Kara

T-ARA

2AM

2PM

Super Junior

BEAST

Shinee

Sistar

Miss A

F(x)

After School

Son Dam-bi

G.NA 

Girls’ Day

9Muses

Hello Venus

Orange Caramel

Brown Eyed Girls

Hyuna

Davichi

K-Will

Busker Busker

3rd gen (mid 2010s – current)

BLACKPINK

BTS

APINK

Cosmic Girls

TWICE

Red Velvet

ITZY

Lovelyz

Oh My Girl

Got7

NU’EST

BtoB

BlockB

BAP

AOA

EXID

N.FLYING

IOI

Wanna One

IZ*ONE

X1

Akdong Musician

IU

Seventeen

Kard

Sonamoo

Mamamoo

Momoland